A money mule beginning an illegal money transfer at the ATM.

Consequences of Acting as a Money Mule | Kenney Legal Defense

You may have heard the term money mule before, but what does it mean? It is a relatively new phenomenon but one that carries severe consequences in federal court. In this article, we’ll define what it is, explore the consequences of being a money mule, and highlight some of the risks you take by agreeing to participate in this type of activity. We also outline ways to avoid involvement.

What Is a Money Mule?

A money mule is someone who knowingly or unknowingly illegally transfers money on behalf of others. These funds are often the proceeds of fraud. They’re often recruited through online ads or social media and are promised a commission for their services. However, the consequences of acting as a money mule are severe.

What most money mules don’t know is that by participating in this illegal activity, they’re opening themselves up to federal criminal charges.

If caught acting as a money mule, you could face fines and even imprisonment. So before you agree to help out a friend or family member, be sure to understand the risks involved.

How Do Mules Become Involved in These Schemes?

You may wonder how someone becomes a money mule. Unfortunately, it’s not all that difficult. In most cases, the perpetrators are quite good at what they do, and they mainly prey on students, people looking for work, people on dating sites, and those facing a financial struggle. However, they can target almost anyone.

They may promise the victim high pay for a relatively easy job or make it sound like there’s no risk involved. Some other signs include:

  • The “employer” with whom you correspond uses web-based email services (such as Gmail, Hotmail, Outlook, etc.).
  • To receive and transfer money, you must open a bank account in your name.
  • Expect to receive money in your bank account as an employee and subsequently “process” or “transfer” it using wire transfers, ACH transactions, mail, or other money transfer platforms.
  • You are expected to receive money in your bank account as an employee and subsequently “process” or “transfer” it using wire transfers, ACH transactions, mail, or other money transfer platforms.
  • There is no specific job description.

Whatever the pitch, the result remains always the same: the victim becomes caught up in a criminal scheme that can have disastrous consequences.

What Are the Consequences of Being a Money Mule?

Acting as a money mule is a crime, and you could face severe consequences if caught. Most money mules end up being charged in federal criminal court with conspiracy, money laundering, and wire fraud. Depending on the fraud scheme, additional criminal charges may also be added.

Not only that, but you could also damage your credit and financial standing, lose your job, your reputation, and even your friends and family. You may even be held responsible for repaying funds lost by victims of fraud. So think twice before agreeing to act as a money mule—the risks aren’t worth it.

How to Protect Yourself From Becoming a Money Mule

First of all, become aware of the risks involved. Second, only transfer money to people you know and trust. And finally, if something sounds too good to be true, it probably is.

So, if someone offers you a job that seems too good to be true, be very careful. It’s probably best to walk away and report the offer to the authorities. You could be saving yourself a lot of trouble down the road.


Money mules are often arrested and charged with crimes such as money laundering and wire fraud. You could also end up with a criminal record. This could make it difficult to find a job or get into college. And in extreme cases, you could lose all your money and credit standing.

This is why it’s so important to be aware of the dangers of being a money mule before getting involved in this scheme. If you have been affected or suspect to have been affected by a money mule scheme, reach out to us or schedule a free consultation to learn more.

Skip to content